He was born in Salonica in 1881. His mother Zübeyde, his father Ali Rıza. Respectively, he wen to district school, Şemsi Efendi school, Salonica civil junior high school, Salonica military junior high school, Salonica military high school, war college and war academy. In 1893, he entered a military high school where his mathematics teacher gave him Kemal. He graduated from the war academy with the rank of staff captain and posted in Damascus.
The time of the Ottoman State, he joined Tripoli war, the Balkan war and world war I. Sperated from the defeat Ottoman State after world war I armistice treaty was signed. The start of the invasion of native soil in accordance with this agreement, Mustafa Kemal landed to Samsun on May 19, 1919 and launched the national struggle.
After releasing Havza and Amasya circular, Erzurum and Sivas congresses summoned. Sivas congress under one roof, combining all the national societies of Anadolia and Rumelia defence of rights society was founded. After sivas congress he has made Amasya negotiations with government so that the government has officially recognized the existence of the government delegation was represented.
Mustafa Kemal, April 23, 1920 with the openning of Parliament House and the government was elected. August 5, 1921 by his chief task was given to the assembly. After winnig the battle of Sakarya Ghazi title and was honored with the rank of marshal.Great enemy to attack and manage to completely expelled from the country providing Ghazi Mustafa Kemal, october 29, 1923 with the announcement of the Republic of Turkey was the first president.
Ghazi Mustafa Kemal was given to Atatürk by the council in 1934. Atatürk realized the reforms of the Republic of Turkey led to exit to the level of civilized nations. Ghazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, November 10, 1938 in Dolmabahce palace, closed his eyes to life.
Atatürks life is examined, the ultimate goal of all life along the Turkish nation to the level of contemporary civilization and that to achieve this within the country and the people holding the highest level of affection that can be seen clearly.